Big Bilingual Bonuses

See all articles

Hello Hola One Head Two Languages

A bilingual is not two monolinguals in one body [1]. Within each bilingual, no matter how young, is a brain that is balancing and juggling two languages in one mind. Each time a word is spoken, it has to compete with its other-language equivalent. Whenever a word is heard, it must be correctly catalogued in the bilingual lexicon and matched with its corresponding language. This makes bilingualism one of the most constant brain games anyone can play, strengthening the mind during communication. The advantages reaped via this bilingual mental juggling can have benefits for broader mental function, beginning at early stages in life.

So what are the bilingual advantages for children? When comparing children who have been exposed to two languages, bilingual children, to their monolingual peers, who have only been exposed to one language, certain trends appear in favor of bilingualism. Bilingual children outscore their monolingual friends in tasks that involve symbolism. They are better at reorganizing information and ignoring misleading information [2]. Because they are constantly, unknowingly choosing between their two languages in all communication, they become good at focusing on what information is important and what information can be ignored. They also tend to develop a stronger metalinguistic awareness than their peers. From having double the language input, bilingual children garner an attention to language structures and elements that monolinguals may not.

Language and cognition researchers use some tasks that mimic games that children already like to play. Remember the game Simon? A series of colors appear or light up and the player is tasked with repeated the colors in the same order. It starts of easy, but gradually gets more difficult as longer color sequences are added. Researchers use a similar task to gauge participants’ working memory, the type of memory that processes new, already-stored information. When five-year-old children play Simon, the bilinguals score better than their monolingual peers [2]. This shows a bilingual advantage in utilizing information stored in working memory.

A prominent keyword now for researchers in the areas of cognition and bilingualism is executive Cognitive Skillscontrol. Executive control is an umbrella term for a variety of cognitive processes including working memory and problem solving. It is typically developed later in childhood for all children. One research team tested whether bilinguals have added advantage in these areas by using a verbal fluency task [3]. They asked groups of bilinguals and monolinguals at ages four, seven, ten, young adulthood, and older adulthood to name all the words they could think of that begin with a certain letter. This type of task tests word retrieval accuracy and requires executive control. The findings showed that all children improved into young adulthood, but the executive control requirements for bilinguals starting at ten years old were easier than for their monolingual peers. This illustrates that even though children don’t develop executive control functions until later childhood, their prior bilingualism at a young age helps them develop their cognitive skills.

Another advantage gained through early childhood bilingualism is memory flexibility. Brito and colleagues [4] looked at three groups of 18-month-old children, those with monolingual English exposure, bilingual Spanish-Catalan exposure, and bilingual English-Spanish exposure. Spanish and Catalan are closely related languages and Spanish and English are more different. The study found that both groups of bilingual children, regardless of the similarity of the two languages they know, had better memory flexibility than their peers who were exposed to only one language. When the bilingual groups were compared to trilingual 18-month-olds, they found there was no added advantage in memory flexibility to knowing a third language. Importantly, knowing two or more languages allows young children to more easily retrieve the memories they have previously stored, even in new contexts. They can then use this information to generalize what they have learned to new concepts they encounter.

While bilingualism has been and continues to be stigmatized in certain communities, new research into bilingualism and cognitive functions promise a bright future. Bilingual children are able to make cognitive gains from the task of bilingual language processing. As these children juggle two or more languages with every communicative encounter, they are growing their brains in the areas of executive function, like memory, problem solving, and cognitive control. From as early as 18 months, bilingual children’s minds are adapting to their environment by focusing on relevant information and improving learning. Of course there are many cultural, social, and educational benefits to bilingualism, but the research discussed here supports a cognitive bilingual advantage. As a child’s bilingual language skills develop, so does their brain.

 

Kids' Candor Bilingual Educational Kits
50% off your first subscription - Code: KC50
To receive updates, news, free music, tools, and much more: sign up for our mailing list, like us on Facebook, subscribe to our YouTube channel, follow us on Instagram, Twitter and Pinterest.

 

References

[1] Grosjean, F. (1989). Neurolinguists, Beware! The bilingual is not two monolinguals in one person. Brain and language, 36, 3-15.

[2] Bialystok, E., Craik, F.I.M., & Luk, G. (2012). Bilinguals: consequences for mind and brain. Trends in Cognitive Sciences, 16(4), 420-450.

[3] Friesen, D.C., Luo, L., Luk, G., & Bialystok, E. (2015). Proficiency and control in verbal fluency performance across the lifespan for monolinguals and bilinguals. Language, Cognition and Nueroscience, 30(3), 238-250.

[4] Brito, N.H., Sebastián-Gallés, N., & Barr, R. (2015). Differences in language exposure and its effects on memory flexibility in monolingual, bilingual, and trilingual infants. Bilingualism: Language and Cognition, 18(4), 670-682.


Lauren Perrotti
Lauren Perrotti

Author



79 Responses

Eve Mitchell
Eve Mitchell

November 18, 2022

Thanks for what you said about bilingualism helping students to improve memory and problem-solving. I’d really like to invest in a bilingual education program for my kindergartner. I’ve heard that these offer lots of benefits, and I want her to get these. http://trlanguages.com/admissions.html

온라인카지노
온라인카지노

August 03, 2022

klayline@gmail.com
8/4
카지노사이트 https://joinlive77.com/
바카라사이트 https://joinlive77.com/
온라인카지노 https://joinlive77.com/
온라인바카라 https://joinlive77.com/
온라인슬롯사이트 https://joinlive77.com/
카지노사이트게임 https://joinlive77.com/
카지노사이트검증 https://joinlive77.com/
카지노사이트추천 https://joinlive77.com/
안전카지노사이트 https://joinlive77.com/
안전카지노사이트도메인 https://joinlive77.com/
안전한 카지노사이트 추천 https://joinlive77.com/
바카라사이트게임 https://joinlive77.com/
바카라사이트검증 https://joinlive77.com/
바카라사이트추천 https://joinlive77.com/
안전바카라사이트 https://joinlive77.com/
안전바카라사이트도메인 https://joinlive77.com/
안전한 바카라사이트 추천 https://joinlive77.com/
https://www.google.tn/url?sa=t&url=https://joinlive77.com/
https://www.google.tn/url?sa=t&url=https://joinlive77.com/
https://www.google.tn/url?sa=t&url=https://joinlive77.com/
https://www.google.tn/url?sa=t&url=https://joinlive77.com/
https://www.google.tn/url?sa=t&url=https://joinlive77.com/
https://www.google.tn/url?sa=t&url=https://joinlive77.com/
https://www.google.tn/url?sa=t&url=https://joinlive77.com/
https://www.google.tn/url?sa=t&url=https://joinlive77.com/
https://www.google.tn/url?sa=t&url=https://joinlive77.com/
https://www.google.tn/url?sa=t&url=https://joinlive77.com/
https://www.google.tn/url?sa=t&url=https://joinlive77.com/
https://www.google.tn/url?sa=t&url=https://joinlive77.com/
https://www.google.tn/url?sa=t&url=https://joinlive77.com/
https://www.google.tn/url?sa=t&url=https://joinlive77.com/
https://www.google.tn/url?sa=t&url=https://joinlive77.com/
https://www.google.tn/url?sa=t&url=https://joinlive77.com/
https://www.google.tn/url?sa=t&url=https://joinlive77.com/
https://www.google.tn/url?sa=t&url=https://joinlive77.com/
https://www.google.tn/url?sa=t&url=https://joinlive77.com/
https://www.google.tn/url?sa=t&url=https://joinlive77.com/
https://www.google.tn/url?sa=t&url=https://joinlive77.com/
https://www.google.tn/url?sa=t&url=https://joinlive77.com/
https://www.google.tn/url?sa=t&url=https://joinlive77.com/
https://www.google.tn/url?sa=t&url=https://joinlive77.com/
https://www.google.tn/url?sa=t&url=https://joinlive77.com/
https://www.google.tn/url?sa=t&url=https://joinlive77.com/
https://www.google.tn/url?sa=t&url=http://casinostory.link/index.php/2022/08/03/all-the-information-you-need-to-know-about-wsop-bracelets/
https://www.google.tn/url?sa=t&url=http://casinostory.link/index.php/2022/08/03/all-the-information-you-need-to-know-about-wsop-bracelets/
https://www.google.tn/url?sa=t&url=http://casinostory.link/index.php/2022/08/03/all-the-information-you-need-to-know-about-wsop-bracelets/
https://www.google.tn/url?sa=t&url=http://casinostory.link/index.php/2022/08/03/all-the-information-you-need-to-know-about-wsop-bracelets/
https://www.google.tn/url?sa=t&url=http://casinostory.link/index.php/2022/08/03/all-the-information-you-need-to-know-about-wsop-bracelets/
https://www.google.tn/url?sa=t&url=http://casinostory.link/index.php/2022/08/03/all-the-information-you-need-to-know-about-wsop-bracelets/
https://www.google.tn/url?sa=t&url=http://casinostory.link/index.php/2022/08/03/all-the-information-you-need-to-know-about-wsop-bracelets/
https://www.google.tn/url?sa=t&url=http://casinostory.link/index.php/2022/08/03/all-the-information-you-need-to-know-about-wsop-bracelets/
https://www.google.tn/url?sa=t&url=http://casinostory.link/index.php/2022/08/03/all-the-information-you-need-to-know-about-wsop-bracelets/
https://www.google.tn/url?sa=t&url=http://casinostory.link/index.php/2022/08/03/all-the-information-you-need-to-know-about-wsop-bracelets/
https://www.google.tn/url?sa=t&url=http://casinostory.link/index.php/2022/08/03/all-the-information-you-need-to-know-about-wsop-bracelets/
https://www.google.tn/url?sa=t&url=http://casinostory.link/index.php/2022/08/03/all-the-information-you-need-to-know-about-wsop-bracelets/
https://www.google.tn/url?sa=t&url=http://casinostory.link/index.php/2022/08/03/all-the-information-you-need-to-know-about-wsop-bracelets/
https://www.google.tn/url?sa=t&url=http://casinostory.link/index.php/2022/08/03/all-the-information-you-need-to-know-about-wsop-bracelets/
https://www.google.tn/url?sa=t&url=http://casinostory.link/index.php/2022/08/03/all-the-information-you-need-to-know-about-wsop-bracelets/
https://www.google.tn/url?sa=t&url=http://casinostory.link/index.php/2022/08/03/all-the-information-you-need-to-know-about-wsop-bracelets/
https://www.google.tn/url?sa=t&url=http://casinostory.link/index.php/2022/08/03/all-the-information-you-need-to-know-about-wsop-bracelets/
https://www.google.tn/url?sa=t&url=http://casinostory.link/index.php/2022/08/03/all-the-information-you-need-to-know-about-wsop-bracelets/
https://www.google.tn/url?sa=t&url=http://casinostory.link/index.php/2022/08/03/all-the-information-you-need-to-know-about-wsop-bracelets/
https://www.google.tn/url?sa=t&url=http://casinostory.link/index.php/2022/08/03/all-the-information-you-need-to-know-about-wsop-bracelets/
https://www.google.tn/url?sa=t&url=http://casinostory.link/index.php/2022/08/03/all-the-information-you-need-to-know-about-wsop-bracelets/
https://www.google.tn/url?sa=t&url=http://casinostory.link/index.php/2022/08/03/all-the-information-you-need-to-know-about-wsop-bracelets/
https://www.google.tn/url?sa=t&url=http://casinostory.link/index.php/2022/08/03/all-the-information-you-need-to-know-about-wsop-bracelets/
https://www.google.tn/url?sa=t&url=http://casinostory.link/index.php/2022/08/03/all-the-information-you-need-to-know-about-wsop-bracelets/
https://www.google.tn/url?sa=t&url=http://casino-blog.click
https://www.google.tn/url?sa=t&url=http://casino-blog.click
https://www.google.tn/url?sa=t&url=http://casino-blog.click
https://www.google.tn/url?sa=t&url=http://casino-blog.click
https://www.google.tn/url?sa=t&url=http://casino-blog.click
https://www.google.tn/url?sa=t&url=http://casino-blog.click
https://www.google.tn/url?sa=t&url=http://casino-blog.click
https://www.google.tn/url?sa=t&url=http://casino-blog.click
https://www.google.tn/url?sa=t&url=http://casino-blog.click
https://www.google.tn/url?sa=t&url=http://casino-blog.click
https://www.google.tn/url?sa=t&url=http://casino-blog.click
https://www.google.tn/url?sa=t&url=http://casino-blog.click
https://www.google.tn/url?sa=t&url=http://casino-blog.click
https://www.google.tn/url?sa=t&url=http://casino-blog.click
https://www.google.tn/url?sa=t&url=http://casino-blog.click
https://www.google.tn/url?sa=t&url=http://casino-blog.click
https://www.google.tn/url?sa=t&url=http://casino-blog.click
https://www.google.tn/url?sa=t&url=http://casino-blog.click
https://www.google.tn/url?sa=t&url=http://casino-blog.click
https://www.google.tn/url?sa=t&url=http://casino-blog.click
https://www.google.tn/url?sa=t&url=http://casino-blog.click
https://www.google.tn/url?sa=t&url=http://casino-blog.click

Zigreergo
Zigreergo

May 31, 2021

cheap generic overnight viagra

vrzGUVZTAIDf
vrzGUVZTAIDf

September 29, 2020

sVlxEYwSdgAkU

nOFkmCKcWhZLUf
nOFkmCKcWhZLUf

September 29, 2020

TrpKYcgmULINXGjo

OusRnNEXBIj
OusRnNEXBIj

September 25, 2020

MmdwrbxRnjIW

PdJfXpUhcowMBvSL
PdJfXpUhcowMBvSL

September 25, 2020

HuJvqLWiaks

neQWixoa
neQWixoa

September 25, 2020

pDMZtJYmsdSzg

tGZPgiVJ
tGZPgiVJ

September 25, 2020

tFQYIVmbCh

teRSOolpLhiXwzDf
teRSOolpLhiXwzDf

September 17, 2020

ZtvIlJMnhe

JiXDOtrIf
JiXDOtrIf

September 17, 2020

FZBnUvqWpQAl

VqTnYIzUj
VqTnYIzUj

September 11, 2020

evYoiUHPwfX

XNyRHhElKCd
XNyRHhElKCd

September 11, 2020

YRLkgxsFH

muUoOTBdnbJDvM
muUoOTBdnbJDvM

September 08, 2020

oCRIBTuPejDLrJm

VJarCuFjlzg
VJarCuFjlzg

September 08, 2020

IRkCYqgduyKL

LRJYVdTp
LRJYVdTp

September 08, 2020

wCZPkGfRVv

OGiVnSelBbv
OGiVnSelBbv

September 08, 2020

eqVsMXhOoC

pjJCBLwVAZbHg
pjJCBLwVAZbHg

August 31, 2020

NWsIDViMtTcPhmJZ

hYkIavTJFprsLcRG
hYkIavTJFprsLcRG

August 31, 2020

WbxLDtNkdn

nZtVEekOWi
nZtVEekOWi

August 14, 2020

rqVfBbFxcIDC

EBzaKCjyZUTeDAq
EBzaKCjyZUTeDAq

August 14, 2020

SGkhwqdCosERnyg

zpgIwVSNHlKmAJW
zpgIwVSNHlKmAJW

August 14, 2020

GqawzSkxZfiOejT

FTprHPzuYRKyU
FTprHPzuYRKyU

August 14, 2020

hScDoCVsHiIO

jwOrTdUbXgqvNEm
jwOrTdUbXgqvNEm

August 10, 2020

ZIXGFHwnyEO

PwpKYdiXmSDtR
PwpKYdiXmSDtR

August 10, 2020

KWkSEauVtRfHvon

BYbGgiVrwMFD
BYbGgiVrwMFD

August 10, 2020

gwpoIWGLj

EUPvztFBOwjq
EUPvztFBOwjq

August 10, 2020

eJuYfLDyjIk

MWpzLjYyKIXC
MWpzLjYyKIXC

August 09, 2020

aeGHmLixly

svjdlXpzRU
svjdlXpzRU

August 09, 2020

zlBkMqQGogmHXI

vKWDEdiXohcZVA
vKWDEdiXohcZVA

August 08, 2020

NeZGqRBsdHAcfu

zYHfmkFEAnh
zYHfmkFEAnh

August 08, 2020

OyEdAXbrl

HyWqEdTLRBlGzvM
HyWqEdTLRBlGzvM

August 03, 2020

kKDAyLucxgnVUj

QFSCAkHEwn
QFSCAkHEwn

August 03, 2020

PNLQTzRW

CydXHFAKUWuQwb
CydXHFAKUWuQwb

November 05, 2019

umNLfqdFDC

DmlbXOkKId
DmlbXOkKId

November 05, 2019

OxzJlchHB

LHqKaONmeolSZE
LHqKaONmeolSZE

November 04, 2019

ohRjJFSKQHwqLy

JpIGLgzKVMB
JpIGLgzKVMB

November 04, 2019

kETeWIVOdcymKuX

UseoPnrXlTzIMgS
UseoPnrXlTzIMgS

October 31, 2019

hgQMNaver

QsctbSKlkwy
QsctbSKlkwy

October 31, 2019

CsMpEIWR

MgoxLjES
MgoxLjES

October 24, 2019

TbVuEwqiYfm

yPvRwfAx
yPvRwfAx

October 24, 2019

SgUvnOZMHkVKarh

GripUjOBoWgHs
GripUjOBoWgHs

October 23, 2019

uLkgwxnm

XYCIkTGczUWqHPB
XYCIkTGczUWqHPB

October 23, 2019

OaGTdynt

LnSQbdFPelRktaGT
LnSQbdFPelRktaGT

October 22, 2019

zRhHPvKLbsZpeXiM

PreYiBCJclgL
PreYiBCJclgL

October 22, 2019

MzAiFRxltVuXhHLE

dVCjPJzeLQoGlgrT
dVCjPJzeLQoGlgrT

October 21, 2019

cdrhUiPyR

OJrslimNdfuKL
OJrslimNdfuKL

October 21, 2019

RdeIWQsf

cZBpdbYNIQ
cZBpdbYNIQ

October 20, 2019

UiIuejrcXf

jQwIHoCKVdsTg
jQwIHoCKVdsTg

October 20, 2019

WarXuMFknce

RAdicgNVvj
RAdicgNVvj

October 19, 2019

nrwEvfAM

kAJpdrCE
kAJpdrCE

October 19, 2019

NbwPzEgmvBYTI

iJZwARhBdv
iJZwARhBdv

October 18, 2019

pidaHYKCBDAe

hZBOARfeiXVav
hZBOARfeiXVav

October 18, 2019

HrMatJnmNbKSUPul

PISQGRdpOB
PISQGRdpOB

October 18, 2019

ofPhwkLT

JCxcMOEH
JCxcMOEH

October 18, 2019

DuEbXsivGo

yIQfZinpub
yIQfZinpub

October 18, 2019

ZpFnUJuq

wrOVhqlNsQPCfpo
wrOVhqlNsQPCfpo

October 18, 2019

cCnMBdNX

dBgcHfjArDTkpKZ
dBgcHfjArDTkpKZ

October 18, 2019

ZeknOjWvgauytdpm

mhxiAjRvfQn
mhxiAjRvfQn

October 18, 2019

JTaRhqpnDImKFcsw

wuYpVTNFGWZjJq
wuYpVTNFGWZjJq

October 17, 2019

dUkYCqjl

mBhAFCYov
mBhAFCYov

October 17, 2019

JhdTBNDaGnIi

vGZprQhumI
vGZprQhumI

October 16, 2019

NJLhvcgYEX

IieQWkURzuqCbyBj
IieQWkURzuqCbyBj

October 16, 2019

JZkFbTrLhmEuP

FZTRsxCd
FZTRsxCd

October 16, 2019

OyCRjnFbM

rumKWZgLUNPeCxJt
rumKWZgLUNPeCxJt

October 16, 2019

OMPiyYNkZnBESWg

pEdjBNvVeWSDFiU
pEdjBNvVeWSDFiU

October 16, 2019

vYMwCNFEG

ABvlWXuSr
ABvlWXuSr

October 16, 2019

uWjDEIweomz

klfiRIHhwPmjCu
klfiRIHhwPmjCu

October 15, 2019

ngClZuKFhYWOpBj

ulIpHMfcyVLid
ulIpHMfcyVLid

October 15, 2019

ORwjxeYhamtBuVF

VxyfQKECsYRtSTvD
VxyfQKECsYRtSTvD

October 15, 2019

TeqSmHFQaNvXgWy

oGNrOfWYumHiAKQ
oGNrOfWYumHiAKQ

October 15, 2019

mWeIXhHpslCPiR

ulSUOHEfQWKNdc
ulSUOHEfQWKNdc

October 15, 2019

toOzcBQLgAhyI

rZPDFnKlUx
rZPDFnKlUx

October 14, 2019

fpNCznEYjTLK

MBqduKkxFRvAi
MBqduKkxFRvAi

October 14, 2019

DEKaQxdBzZyLUJO

ETiBRohAPYWp
ETiBRohAPYWp

October 14, 2019

lAgCzfIdENDQOLj

cCnyKrkFit
cCnyKrkFit

October 14, 2019

WdnpAtPye

aqzpsZWLDwo
aqzpsZWLDwo

October 14, 2019

ebvQqzaiJjEOHhul

tguNjiYslvexVcm
tguNjiYslvexVcm

October 14, 2019

aIAGbUMv

WilliamMom
WilliamMom

May 11, 2016

Thanks a lot for the post.Really looking forward to read more. Really Cool. Gadison

Leave a comment